Sarojini Naidu, the eldest daughter of scientist-philosopher, Aghornath Chattopadhyaya, and Barada Sundari Devi, a poetess was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad. her father was also a linguist, a crusader, who established the Nizam's College in Hyderabad in 1878, pioneering English and women's education. she studied at the King's College, London and Girton College, Cambridge. Her ability to sing charmingly fetched her title 'Nightingale of India'.
She began her political career in 1906. After 1917 she stepped into active politics. During 1903-17 sarojini came into contact with Gokhale, Tagore, Jinnah, Annie Besant, C.P.Rama Swami Iyea, Gandhi and Nehru. From 1915 to 1918 she lectured all over India on welfare of youth, dignity of labour, women's emancipation and nationalism. After meeting Jawaharlal Nehru in 1916, she took up the cause of the indigo worker of Champaran. In 1925 she was elected as the President of the congress.